Kremlin and Red Square

Red Square, located in the very heart of Moscow, is called Krasnaya in Russian — meaning “red,” or “beautiful” in old Russian. It separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and now the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-Gorod. A sprawling 800,000 square foot rectangle houses the Victorian-style Gosudarstvenny Universalnyy Magazin (GUM), or State Department Store, a luxury mall that first opened in 1893; the granite Mausoleum that houses the body of Vladimir Lenin, the Soviet Union’s first ruler; the Armoury Chamber; and the beautiful Saint Basil's Cathedral, among other remarkable sites.

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Kremlin and Red Square

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